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Comparison between American public schools and private schools
Characteristics of American public high schools
Due to the US legal system, public high schools in the United States are only allowed to accept short-term exchange students. If parents work or study in the United States, they hold H1B, F1, and J1 visas. Children who are relatives of their parents can apply for H4, F2, and J2 visas. Children with such visas can also legally attend public schools in the United States and enjoy free admission to local students. In addition, fewer public schools can issue I20s for international students, apply for student visas (F1, J1), and international students need to pay additional tuition fees (about $5,000-10,000 per year) when attending local public schools, while local students It is free.
Teachers in American high schools are arranged in fixed classrooms. The teacher's name is posted on the door and the course is taught. The classroom is the office, the desk is the desk, and the daily preparation and correction work is carried out here. Because of the shift, students do not have a fixed class. Because of the freedom of class selection, there is no unified class schedule, only a personalized curriculum of your choice. In addition to the compulsory courses required by some state governments and school districts, such as some school districts require students to complete three years of math and science courses. Beyond this, basic education in the United States does everything possible to meet the needs of student development, initiative development, personality development, special development, and differential development. Therefore, it is not the teacher who chooses the student, but the student who chooses the curriculum and the teacher. The student is always in the main position. And the main dynamic potential. American public secondary schools regard religious education as the foundation of school moral education. Faith is the spiritual life of most Americans. Religious teachings contain many values and moral values in life. But the Constitution prohibits public schools from conducting religious education and praying. Therefore, schools can only transfer the task of moral education to religion and family. And the society, let the young people under the leadership of the parents through the worship and prayer to subtly accept moral education.
American public secondary schools supplement the curriculum as a supplement to moral education. Although it is forbidden to conduct religious education in schools, it is allowed to offer religious knowledge classes. In addition, civil and social science courses such as civics and social classes also cover the content of moral education. American public secondary schools use activities as a vehicle for the character experience. In addition to off-campus and in-school experiential moral education activities, one of the highlights is that the student union (or student self-government government) is fully organized to organize large and small activities, so that students can learn to be a person, learn to communicate, and learn to do things. There are only one supervisor in other disciplines in public schools in the United States, but there are two supervisors in sports: one is the head of the sports department, who is in charge of the physical education teachers of the whole school, and provides the academic level courses included in the curriculum, that is, the teaching of physical education, which is the same as that in China. The other is the sports director, who is in charge of the physical education of the whole school and provides a sports level course as an extracurricular sports activity.
Under US law, public schools must provide education to all students and are obliged to provide additional assistance to students with learning disabilities. For ESL students (non-English speaking students), the school must provide an ESL program. However, American schools and school districts have different approaches to ESL curriculum. For example, some school districts only offer one year of ESL courses, and some school districts will continue to provide these courses until the student's English level reaches the required level. Some school districts may offer ESL programs in all schools, and some are only available in a fixed number of schools. The specific methods vary according to local policies and need to be consulted with local agents.
Characteristics of private high schools in the United States
Most private high schools offer I20 for international students, and international students can apply for an F1 visa to study.
Private high school teachers are strong and have high teaching standards. There are fewer than 300 private boarding schools in the United States, accounting for about 1% of the total number of secondary schools. In general, only the top 1% of the pyramids in the United States have the ability to choose to attend a US private boarding school. Private high school management is quite strict, especially for private accommodation high schools. Public high school early after class, the school has no other management, and private accommodation high school has 24 hours of careful care and strict management.
Private high school classes teach students a high degree of attention to students. In general, the average private high school in the United States has an average of 12 students per class. Small class teaching ensures that students have full communication with the teacher, and the teacher can take care of every student in the class. This will help students adapt to the learning environment and improve learning efficiency.
Private schools can set their own unique courses and teaching goals because of their own characteristics. For example, many schools with religious backgrounds have religious compulsory courses. But private schools also need to meet the state government's requirements for education. For example, in Washington State, all schools must offer Washington State history courses. In addition, the school will also set other curriculum requirements. For example, some schools require students to take two art courses per semester, and some schools require students to take language courses, math courses, science courses, etc. every year. Depending on the school's educational philosophy and focus, the compulsory courses at each school vary.
Private high schools provide and focus on student extracurricular activities and diversity. After completing the required courses, private high schools can choose elective courses based on their individual abilities. American high schools use the credit system and do not restrict all students to the same course. If you have enough credits to graduate, you can apply to the university. The credit system has many conveniences for international students, and it is also a flexible choice and advantage support for American high schools for students with certain abilities and interests.
Private high schools are more inclusive and international students are easier to connect. In addition to more than 30, other private boarding schools in the United States offer ESL programs to help international students overcome English problems. Students can use this 2-3 years to improve their English level so that they can successfully apply to their favorite university in the future. Private high schools that do not offer ESL programs also accept international students, but the admission requirements are higher, and the English level of the applicant must reach the level of American students of the same age. Private high school will help students apply for university guidance and help students analyze their own advantages and locate the ideal university. Boarding private tuition fees range from $38,000 to $60000. The family is required to have certain economic strength.